Thyroid eye disease, also known as Graves’ Disease, Basedow’s disease, or endocrine exophthalmopathy, is a condition they may occur in patients with excessive thyroid hormone concentration. The thyroid gland is located in the neck area around what is commonly called the “Adam’s apple” or larynx. The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormone which is responsible for regulating metabolism. With too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism), the body becomes overactive and anxious. With too little thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism), the body becomes sluggish and tired.
In thyroid eye disease, the body turns on itself and creates antibodies (which normally fight off infection) that actually attack healthy tissue. Connective tissue of the eye is attacked causing inflammation in the eye’s muscles, fat, and soft tissue. This process can cause bulging of the eyes (proptosis), swelling of the eyelids, retraction of the eyelids, swelling of the conjunctiva, drying and ulceration of the cornea, double vision, or optic nerve damage.
Thyroid eye disease is very unpredictable and the progression varies from person to person. Once you have had thyroid disease, regular eye exams are extremely important as changes may occur even decades after hormone levels have stabilized.
Treating thyroid eye disease first involves regulating the thyroid hormone levels. In early stages, lubricating eye drops or ointments may be used to relieve the symptom of dry eyes associated with the inability to close the eye lids. In advanced stages, oral steroids or even surgery may be necessary to help the eyelids close properly.
At Baker Eye Institute in Conway, cataract surgery has benefited countless patients whose vision was fading, many who were nearly blind. Our experienced cataract surgeon, Dr. David Littleton Baker, can help reintroduce you to a world of clear vision. We are more than happy to answer any questions you may have about cataract surgery and the difference in IOLs.
If you live in the Conway or Little Rock, Arkansas region and would like further information about cataract surgery, schedule a vision consultation at Baker Eye Institute today. We pride ourselves on offering the latest advances in cataract surgery, including premium lens technology.
Providing excellence in eye care for over 18 years, Baker Eye Institute offers advanced treatment for medical and surgical diseases of the eye and eyelid. Dr. Baker helps restore the vision for patients throughout the state with an advanced no-stitch cataract surgery. You likely know someone who has already had the procedure done and is enjoying their renewed vision.
Schedule your eye care appointment with Baker Eye Institute by simply filling out our online form. For your convenience we have provided patient forms online so that you may print them and fill them out prior to your appointment.